Bookmark Kaumudi Online  Bookmark this site  Editor@Kaumudi  |  Marketing  Print Advt rates  |  Calendar 2012        Go!    
 
 
December 18, Monday 2017 1:00 AM       

       HEADLINES: Ockhi: Search to spread to coast of Goa                                              Financial aid for Ockhi victims should not be misused                                              UDF team seeks time to meet PM                                              Ockhi: State govt prepares presentation to make Modi understand extent of tragedy                                              Ockhi: Minister says estimates after Christmas; one more dead body found                                              Now, escort companies in Goa demand Aadhar details                                              RK Nagar bypoll: DMK accuses AIADMK of bribing voters                                              Indian Air Force gets two more women fighter pilots                                              Brexit deal proves critics wrong: Theresa May                                              Global terrorist Saeed issues warning to India                                              Eight killed in Quetta church attack                                              Dhawan and spinners power India to ODI series win over Lankans                                              Indian hopes shatter as Sindhu loses Dubai Open title clash                                              Perth Test: Bowlers grind down England before heaven opens up                                              ISL 2017-18: Chennaiyin FC beat Bengaluru FC 2-1                                              Kaumudi Facebook
       SCI&TECH Next Article: Stress as unhealthy as junk food  
       Clearing the myths about osteoporosis
 
         Posted on :12:45:19 Oct 20, 2017
   
A A
       Last edited on:12:45:19 Oct 20, 2017
         Tags: Clearing the myths about osteoporosis
 

NEW DELHI: India is slowly falling prey to another silent disease, akin to hypertension and heart disease, which is detected only when tests indicate a decreased bone density.

Known by the name Osteoporosis, this disease affects about 80% Indian women and about 1.5 million Indian men. This is also known as the bone-thinning disease. Responsible for over one and a half million fractures each year, osteoporosis makes the bones weak so much that even a simple fall or bump can cause them to break.

Being a silent disease, the symptoms are not very apparent, until the condition reaches an advanced stage leading to a fracture. Osteoclasts and osteoblasts, two special cells in the normal bone-remodeling cycle, work to keep the bones strong and healthy.

While osteoclasts break down old bones, osteoblasts promotes new bone formation. With age, more bone is broken down than what is reformed. This means that the osteoblasts cannot keep up with the breakage, causing the bones to become thin and fragile.

There are many myths and misconceptions surrounding this disease. Dr M Udaya Kumar Maiya, Medical Director, Portea Medicalarticle helps breaking some of them.

Myth 1: Osteoporosis is caused due to lack of calcium

While calcium is essential for bone health, too much of it is also not good for the body. Many other nutrients are also needed to ensure bone health such as vitamin K, magnesium and strontium. As an example, calcium is absorbed better in the presence of vitamin D. Normally, our body absorbs only 10% to 15% of calcium from the diet.

Myth 2: It is a natural side effect of ageing

Yes; but bone loss including osteoporosis can also affect a person in their younger years. Apart from age, gender and genetic susceptibility are also factors leading to this condition. While age and gender cannot be modified, there are other factors one can control such as lifestyle and diet.

Myth 3: Fractures are inevitable with osteoporosis

Studies have shown that about half of those with thinning bones do not suffer a fracture. Alternatively, people with a normal bone density are also prone to fracture. A fracture risk assessment can be done through a bone density test. This will help a person identify what are the risks of having a fracture.

Myth 4: It is a woman's disease

It is not true that men do not have to worry about getting this condition. Women naturally have smaller and thinner bones than men and are at a higher risk of bone problems. The belief that it is a woman's condition also stems from the fact that low estrogen levels cause bone loss. However, men are also prone to this condition, particularly those with low levels of Vitamin D.

Myth 5: Osteoporosis is not linked to other conditions

Increasingly, there has been research to show that osteoporosis has connection with other health conditions too. A person with improved body strength, metabolic fitness, and muscle strength will have stronger bones. He/she will also, therefore, have regulated blood pressure and good cardiovascular health. It is, therefore, imperative to aim at overall health and lead a balanced lifestyle.

Myth 6: Bone density test is painful

Bone density test is very simple and comfortable. A bone densitometer measures bone density using a small amount of radiation (DeXA scan) or ultrasound (portable units). A person lies on their back with their arms and legs positioned appropriately. The test hardly takes 10 minutes and is not painful.

Get enough calcium as per age through sources such as milk and milk products and green vegetables. Your body will require Vitamin D to absorb the calcium.

This can be adequately obtained from sunlight and other sources like mushrooms. Get good sun exposure for 10 to 15 minutes on the arms and face for at least 2 to 3 times a week.

Quit smoking as this is known to weaken the bones. Avoid excess alcohol intake. Lead an active lifestyle with about 30 minutes of some physical activity every day. This will help in strengthening the muscles and bones.

These lifestyle changes can go a long way in preventing osteoporosis and helping those already diagnosed with the condition.

A A
       SCI&TECH
Next Article: Stress as unhealthy as junk food
 
 
SCI&TECH HEADLINES
Eighth planet found in faraway solar system, matching ours  
Google brings a host of new features on Pixel 2  
Scientists turn beer into suitable petrol  
Space gives a sense of humbleness: NASA astronaut  
Researchers discover genes to prolong human life  
Google announces best apps of 2017  
This technology can help to reduce accidents on icy roads  
Yepzon launches in India; promises smart safety solutions  
Soon, you'll be able to control diabetes with your phone  
Turning bacteria into 'world's smallest tape recorders'  
How breastmilk protects babies from food allergy decoded  
Stars among the oldest in our galaxy discovered  
Apple delays release of smart speaker - HomePod  
Owning a dog may add years to your life  
'Textisms' actually add meaning to written words  
Sugar may heal wounds, says study  
Heart-stopping sex? It's rare  
Over 1.3 lakh Indians 'book ticket' to Mars  
China all set to make first contact with aliens  
Greenland Ice sheet could be losing mass, says study  
'Flying taxis' could be a thing by 2020  
When art comes to the rescue of depressed patients  
Here's a mechanism that can help you get rid of bad memories  
2017 ozone hole smallest since 1988: NASA  
Marijuana can dull the brain in some HIV patients  
 
Do you support Adv Aloor's criticism that judges in lower courts lack guts?
Yes
 
No
 
No opinion
 
 
 
Home Kerala India World Business Sports Sci&Tech Education Automobile CityNews Movies Environment Letters 
© Copyright keralakaumudi Online 2011  |  Reproduction in whole or in part without written permission is prohibited.
Head Office Address: Kaumudi Buildings, Pettah P.O, Trivandrum - 695024, India.
Online queries talk to Deepu Sasidharan, + 91 98472 38959 or Email deepu[at]kaumudi.com
Customer Service -Advertisement Disclaimer Statement   |  Copyright Policy